There are three main types of rug fiber—polypropylene, nylon and wool. All create beautifully colored, rich designs in a soft, thick, luxurious pile for unsurpassable style, quality and value.
A petroleum-based fiber formed into yarns by a process of extrusion, whereby pre-dyed polypropylene pellets are melted down and extruded into a continuous fiber. Thanks to its strength and colorfastness, polypropylene resists wear and stains while retaining a soft wool-like feel. Polypropylene is the predominant machine-woven synthetic fiber that is both value-driven and has the power to compete with the best wool rugs.
Like polypropylene, nylon is extremely durable, stain resistant and low in moisture absorbency. Nylon fibers feature a soft, luxurious texture and rich, lustrous appearance.
Known for its luxury and softness, wool is a natural fiber. Wool naturally repels water and is resistant to breakage and compression, making it a very popular material for higher-end rugs.
A great advantage of polypropylene and nylon rugs is that these non-porous fibers are essentially stain-proof and resistant to soiling from almost any chemical. Thanks to their synthetic fibers, both types of rugs result in little if any shedding and are less likely to affect those who struggle with allergies.